This holy temple is located in Mayiladuthurai – Tharangambadi road. Good transportation facilities are available.
It is one of “Atta veerattam (அட்ட வீரட்டம்)” Sthalam. It is also known as kadapuri (கடபுரி), vilvaranyam (வில்வாரண்யம்), piramaranthira Sthalam (பிரமரந்திரத்தலம்).
God – Amirthakadeswarar (அமிர்தகடேஸ்வரர்), Amirthalingeswarar.
Goddess- Abirami (அபிராமி).
Sthala Viruksham- Vilvam, Jathi (பிஞ்சிலம்)
Theertham- Amirtha Theertham.
Agasthiyar, Pulatheyar, Vasuki & Goddess Durga have worshipped this lord. Kunguliyaklaya Nayanar (குங்கிலியக்கலய நாயனார்) and Kari Nayanar (காரி நாயனார்) have born, worshipped this lord and attained salvation in this place. This temple belongs to Dharmai Aadinam (தருமையாதீனம்).
Markandeya was the son of “Mirukandu Rishi” & Madurmathi. Once they prayed Lord Shiva for a boon to get a son by god’s grace. As a result he was given the choice of either a gifted son, but with a short life (16 years) on earth or a child of low intelligence but with a long life. Mirukandu rishi opted for the first one and the god blessed him with a son namely “Markandeya”. Markandeya while growing became a great devotee of Lord Shiva. When 16 years was completed Yama (God of death) chased him as his tenure for living in the earth was finished. But Markandeya ran and went inside the Thirukadaiyur temple and hugged the Shiva Lingam. Seeing this Yama took his pasakaiyuru and threw it to catch Markandeya. Accidentally the noose also tightened the lord as Markandeya was hugging him. The lord became angry came out of the Shiva lingam and stamped Yama to death.
So the lord is called “Kalasamhara Murthi” (காலசம்ஹார மூர்த்தி). After some time Bumadevi, God Vishnu & God Brahma asked the lord to forgive Yama and told to give him re-birth, the lord accepted it and gave Yama another life. So there is fact that this temple eradicates “Yamabayam (யமபயம்)”.
So this temple is special for the functions like Ukrakha santhi (உக்ரக சாந்தி), Beemaratha santhi (பீமரதசாந்தி), Sashtiyaptha purthi (சஷ்டியப்த பூர்த்தி), Satha abishekam (சதாபிஷேகம்) & Aayul Homam (ஆயுள்ஹோமம்). Thirunayana Samandhar, Thirunavukarasar and Sundarar have sung Devara hymns in praise of this lord. The water brought for abishekam for this temple is from Kasi Theertham at Thirukadaiyur mayanam (திருக்கடவுர் மயானம்).
The famous “Abirami Battar” who composed “Abirami Anthathi” in praise of the goddess “Abirami” also belongs to this place. Abirami battar was devotee of the goddess who was always in thought of her. At that time “King Saraboji” was ruling and when once he came to the temple Abirami battar didn’t notice the king since he was always in meditation of the goddess Abirami praising and singing hymns. So the king in order to test him asked “What is the theethi today?” Abirami Battar was in meditation observing the goddess face which was like a “Full moon” told “Pournami” (Poornima), but actually the original theethi was “Ammavasai” (New moon). Hearing his answer the ruler became angry and told “If there is no full moon today you will be burnt to flames”. But Abirami battar was not worried as he still began to meditate the goddess. At night he was sitting in a wooden plank and just thinking of the goddess and singing “Abirami Anthathi”. When he finished singing Goddess Abirami threw her ear ring in the sky which turned to be a full moon lighting the entire region.
The Temple: In this temple markandeyar performed abishekam to Amirthakadeswarar with pinjcilam (பிஞ்சிலம்) so this temple is also called as Pinjcillaranyam (பிஞ்சிலாரண்யம்). The sannathi of the lord is located in west direction, while the goddess is faced towards the east.
The name of the Vinayagar in this temple is known as “Kallavarna Pillaiyar” (கள்ளவாரணப் பிள்ளையார்). There are also sannathi’s for Markandeeswarar, Subramaniyar, Naganatheeswarar and gajalakshmi. Here in this temple Navagraha sannathi is not present.
The Raja gopuram is very attractive with some special and rare sculptures like “Gajasamhara Murthi”, “Paarkadal Kadaithal” etc. The annual Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in the month of Chittirai. During Karthikai Somavaram (கார்த்திகைச் சோமவாரம்) 1008 sanga abishekam is performed to the lord.